DURING THE AGE OF THE REPUBLIC
“Rome’s complex political institutions began to crumble under the weight of the growing empire, ushering in an era of internal turmoil and violence. The gap between rich and poor widened as wealthy landowners drove small farmers from public land, while access to government was increasingly limited to the more privileged classes. Attempts to address these social problems, such as the reform movements … ended in the reformers’ deaths at the hands of their opponents.”
SOURCE: History, Ancient Rome Section: “Internal Struggles in the Late Republic“
Hrmmm….who does that sound like? This feels a little bit like Deja Vu.
After bloody violence, quarrels, many internal divisions and wars, an authoritarian leader eventually replaced the Republic.
AFTER THE REPUBLIC COLLAPSED…
“Augustus’ rule restored morale in Rome after a century of discord and corruption and ushered in the famous pax Romana–two full centuries of peace and prosperity. He instituted various social reforms, won numerous military victories and allowed Roman literature, art, architecture and religion to flourish. Augustus ruled for 56 years, supported by his great army and by a growing cult of devotion to the emperor. When he died, the Senate elevated Augustus to the status of a god, beginning a long-running tradition of deification for popular emperors.”
SOURCE: History: Ancient Rome Section: “From Caesar to Augustus”
This is not to say everything was perfect under Authoritarian rule. But there was generally much more order than there was in the Republic, which was characterized by constant civil war.